Q How can smoking affect my oral health?
A Most people are now aware that smoking is bad for our
health. It can cause many different medical problems and, in some cases,
fatal diseases. However, many people don’t realise the damage that
smoking does to their mouth, gums and teeth.
Smoking can lead to tooth staining, gum disease, tooth loss and in more
severe cases mouth cancer.
Q Why are my teeth stained?
A One of the effects of smoking is staining on the
teeth due to the nicotine and tar content. It can make the teeth yellow
in a very short time, and heavy smokers often complain that their teeth
are almost brown after years of smoking.
Q How will smoking affect my gums and
A Smoking can also lead to gum disease. Patients who
smoke are more likely to produce bacterial plaque, which leads to gum
disease. The gums are affected because smoking causes a lack of oxygen
in the bloodstream, so the infected gums fail to heal. Smoking causes
people to have more dental plaque and for gum disease to progress more
rapidly than in non-smokers. Gum disease still remains the most common
cause of tooth loss in adults.
Q How is smoking linked with cancer?
A Most people know that smoking can cause lung and
throat cancer, but many people are still unaware that it is one of the
main causes of mouth cancer too. Every year thousands of people die from
mouth cancer brought on by smoking. (See our leaflet ‘Tell Me About
Q Are there special dental products I can
A There are special toothpastes for people who smoke.
They are sometimes a little more abrasive than ordinary pastes and
should be used with care. Your dentist may recommend that you use these
toothpastes alternately with your usual toothpaste. As there are several
toothpastes on the market which claim to whiten teeth it is important to
look for those accredited by the British Dental Health Foundation. Our
logo means that the claims on the packaging are scientifically proven to
be correct and the product will be effective at removing staining caused
Q What about mouthwashes?
A People who smoke may find they are more likely to
have bad breath than non-smokers. Fresh breath products such as
mouthwashes may help to disguise the problem in the short term, but will
only mask it.
Q How often should I visit my dentist?
A It is important that you visit your dentist regularly
both for a normal check up and a full mouth examination so that any
other conditions can be spotted early.
You should visit your dentist at least once a year. However, this may be
more often if your dentist feels it necessary. People who smoke are more
likely to have stained teeth, and therefore may need appointments more
often with the dental hygienist.
Q What can my dentist do for me?
A Your dentist will carry out a regular examination to
make sure that your teeth and gums and whole mouth are healthy.
Your dentist will also examine your cheeks, tongue and throat for any
signs of other conditions that may need more investigation.
They may also be able to put you in touch with organisations and self-
help groups who will have the latest information to help you stop
Q Will I need any extra treatment?
A Your dentist may also refer you to a dental
hygienist, for further treatment, thorough cleaning and to keep a closer
check on your oral hygiene.
Your dental hygienist will be able to advise you on how often you should
visit them, although this should usually be every three to six months.